What you will make:
In this project, you will learn how to imitate on paper the fabric
decorating technique from Java called batik. The process uses crayons
(broken ones are fine) to draw and color a design on white paper, that
is then wadded and painted with black to make the cracks that are
typical to batiks. You can use the resulting pictures to make cards,
decorate notebook covers, or hang on the wall.
What is batik? Batik is the process of dyeing fabric
after liquid wax has been applied. The wax resists the dye, so the
part of the fabric covered with wax is not dyed. This process is
usually repeated with more wax and different colors of dye. During the
dyeing process some of the wax becomes cracked. Dye seeps into the
cracks giving batik its characteristic look. Crayon batik imitates
this cracked look.
This project is great for family, classroom or group craft time. With a little preparation by the adults or teen leaders, this project is fast and fun.
Related crafts: Checkout other
crafts and Surface Design Techniques.
For another craft from Java, make shadow puppets as described in the
Here's what you need:
- White computer paper or construction paper
- Black poster paint or acrylic paint
- Pencil and ruler
- Compass, or small plate to trace around
- Kitchen sponge (new)
- Plastic lid or plate
- Paper towels and newspapers
- Iron and ironing board
- Optional: Foam brush, black construction or craft paper,
colored paper for matting
This project is rated EASY to do.
How to Make a Crayon Batik
Read all of the steps before starting.
- Step 1: Project Preparation
Gather the materials needed for making crayon batiks. Cut the
white paper into 4" to 6" squares. Lay out the newspapers to cover your work area.
Prepare a place to iron the batiks. Each child will need a square of
paper and crayons. For younger children, draw the circles on the
paper in advance or print papers from your computer with pre-drawn
Cut the sponge into suitable size pieces. You might cut a
standard kitchen sponge in half and cut one of those pieces in half
again. Use the smaller pieces for applying paint and the larger
piece for wiping excess paint away. Tip: The sponge will be easier to cut if it is damp.
- Step 2: Draw Design
On the paper square, use the pencil to draw a circle that nearly
fills the paper. Use a compass to draw the circle or trace around a
plate or lid. Use the pencil and ruler to divide the circle into
smaller spaces. Do this any way you like, but keep the spaces no
smaller than about 1" to ½" square. Make your drawing
abstract or draw a picture.
Tip: Images printed from your computer can also be
turned into crayon batiks. Draw an image on your computer using simple
shapes and lines or simple clip-art. Be sure the picture is
just lines, like a coloring book picture. The printable designs in the
Stained Glass Christmas Decorations craft
project work well.
- Step 3: Color with Crayons
Color the picture with crayons, using colors that go together.
Make each color solid with no paper showing through. When all the
colors are completely solid, go over the pencil lines with a thick
line of black crayon.
- Step 4: Apply Paint
Wad the paper into a tight ball. This makes the batik-like
cracks. Carefully flatten out the paper and place it on newspaper.
Thin black paint or other dark color of paint. Use the sponge to
apply the paint all over your drawing. Do not let it dry! Wipe the
excess paint away with a damp sponge.
- Step 5: Iron
You will need an adult to do this step. It requires the
use of an iron.
Place the drawing between two paper towels on an ironing board.
Iron to flatten and dry your drawing.
- Step 6: Finish Up
You can use your completed crayon batik in several ways:
- To admire it as a picture, mount it on a piece of construction
paper or put it in a frame.
- To make a card, cut and fold colored
paper or cardstock to the size card you want. Use glue or
double-sided tape to attach the crayon batik to the card front.
the picture to the front of a binder or notebook. You may want to
cover it with a piece of clear contact paper for protection.
batiked paper also makes nice booklet covers. Fold a full-size sheet
in half. Place folded
sheets of paper inside. Staple or sew along the fold
to bind the booklet. Glue your finished batik on the front.
That's it! Your crayon batik is done!
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